Pelo menos segundo a Kathryn Schulz, que escreveu o livro “Being Wrong: Adventures in the Margin of Error.”, segundo o ditado e segundo o Jorge Ben. Além, claro, segundo um monte de lingüistas por aí.
Psychologists and neuroscientists increasingly think that inductive reasoning undergirds virtually all of human cognition — the decisions you make every day, as well as how you learned almost everything you know about the world. To take just the most sweeping examples, you used inductive reasoning to learn language, organize the world into meaningful categories, and grasp the relationship between cause and effect in the physical, biological, and psychological realms.
Once we recognize that we do not err out of laziness, stupidity, or evil intent, we can liberate ourselves from the impossible burden of trying to be permanently right.
Take away the ability of an intelligent, principled, hard-working mind to get it wrong, and you take away the whole thing.